Computing stuff tied to the physical world

ARM to ARM upload

In Hardware, Software, ARM on Sep 27, 2012 at 00:01

After yesterday’s basic connection of an LPCXpresso 1769 board to the Raspberry Pi, it’s time to get all the software bits in place.

With NXP ARM chips such as the LPC1769, you need a tool like lpc21isp to upload over a serial connection (just like avrdude for AVR chips). It handles all the protocol details to load .bin (or .hex) files into flash memory.

There’s a small glitch in that the build for this utility gets confused when compiled on an ARM chip (including the Raspberry Pi), because it then thinks it should be built in some sort of special embedded mode. Luckily, Peter Brier figured this out recently, and published a fixed version on GitHub (long live open source collaboration!).

So now it’s just a matter of a few commands on the RPi to create a suitable uploader:

    git clone https://github.com/pbrier/lpc21isp.git
    cd lpc21isp
    make
    cp -a lpc21isp ~/bin/

Next step is to get that board into serial boot mode. As it turns out, we’re going to have to do similar tricks as with the JeeNode a few days ago. And sure enough, I’m running into the same timing problems as reported here.

But in this case, the boot load process is willing to wait a bit longer, so now it can all easily be solved with a little shell script I’ve called “upload2lpc”:

# export the two GPIO pins to the shell
echo "18" >/sys/class/gpio/export >&/dev/null
echo "23" >/sys/class/gpio/export >&/dev/null

# use them as output pins
echo "out" >/sys/class/gpio/gpio18/direction
echo "out" >/sys/class/gpio/gpio23/direction

# pull ISP low and prepare for reset
echo "0" >/sys/class/gpio/gpio23/value
echo "1" >/sys/class/gpio/gpio18/value

(
  # it is essential to delay the reset pulse for lpc21isp
  sleep 0.3
  # pulse reset low
  echo "0" >/sys/class/gpio/gpio18/value
  sleep 0.1
  echo "1" >/sys/class/gpio/gpio18/value
  # set ISP line high again
  echo "1" >/sys/class/gpio/gpio23/value
) &

echo "Uploading... "
lpc21isp -debug0 -bin $1 /dev/ttyAMA0 115200 12000 \
  && echo "Done." || exit 1

The result? We can now reset the LPCXpresso from the Raspberry Pi and upload some blink code to it:

    $ sudo ./upload2lpc blink.bin
    Uploading...
    Done.

Yippie: it resets, it uploads, it blinks – and it does so consistently! Onwards! :)

Update – For best results, also add a “sleep 0.1” between those two last echo 1’s.

  1. Why is the sequence of commands to “delay the result pulse for lpc2lisp” inside the “( … )” subshell put into the background to run asynchronously? I presume you want that to complete before lpc2lisp starts running right afterwards, and that’s not guaranteed now. I’d think you’d want to remove the ampersand after the closing “)” so that the shell script waits for it to complete

    • No, that’s in fact exactly the point of this script – I want the reset pulse to occur after lpc21isp opens the serial port. Although you do have a point – this trick was essential with avrdude, it might not be the same with lpc21isp.

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